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Physical Education Vision Page

Page history last edited by Virginia Mitchell 9 months, 1 week ago



The goal of physical education is to develop Oklahoma students into physically literate individuals who have the knowledge, skills and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthful physical activity. The five physical education standards provide a framework for physical educators across Oklahoma to ensure school-aged students become physically literate. It is the responsibility of schools to provide opportunities for all students to become competent, literate and enthusiastic movers in ways that make physical activity a highly desired, enjoyable, and worthwhile experience. According to SHAPE America’s Roadmap to Physical Literacy (image), elementary students who participate in effective physical education programs receive foundational skills, knowledge, and values while middle school students’ learning experiences should allow for application of those skills, knowledge, and values. In high school, students focus on lifetime-activities skills, knowledge, and values which ensures college and career ready individuals are equipped to lead a physically active lifestyle.



Defining Standards, Curriculum, & Instruction


It is important to note that standards are neither curriculum, instructional practices or strategies; standards serve as a foundation for curriculum. See below for the

distinction between standards, curriculum, and instruction:

  • Standards: The concepts, content, and skills students should master by the end of a specific grade.
  • Curriculum: The materials and resources used for teaching the standards.
  • Instruction: The practices teachers use to deliver academic content to students. Teachers should utilize a variety of instructional techniques and strategies to ensure students master academic standards.


The Oklahoma Academic Standards for Physical Education are informed by other states’ physical education standards along with National Standards & Grade- Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education (SHAPE America, Society of Health and Physical Educators, 2014). In addition, the committee reviewed the Physical Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019) to inform the creation of the standards in this document.


The 5 Standards of the Oklahoma Academic Standards for Physical Education

The Oklahoma Academic Standards for Physical Education are divided into five standards, which are informed by the National Physical Education Standards:


 Standard 1: Motor Skills and Movement Patterns

 This standard focuses on the fundamental movement skills in locomotor, non-locomotor, and manipulatives (e.g., striking, dribbling, volleying) that serve as the foundation for all physical education and physical activity. The learning domain for Standard 1 is the psychomotor domain.


 Standard 2: Knowledge of Concepts, Principles, Strategies and Tactics

 This standard focuses on cognitive skills such as recognition, demonstration, analysis, creativity and the application. This standard represents the cognitive learning domain in physical education.


 Standard 3: Achieve and Maintain a Health-Enhancing Level of Physical Activity and Fitness

 This standard brings awareness to the importance of healthy bodies and the way to achieve and maintain good health. Standard 3 emphasizes knowledge of fitness, nutrition, and physical activity as well as developmentally appropriate assessment of health-related fitness.


 Standard 4: Responsible Personal and Social Behavior

 This standard focuses on the skills of developing personal responsibility, working independently, respect for others in physical activity contexts, and working safely in physical activity settings. This standard addresses the affective domain.


 Standard 5: Value of Physical Activity for Health, Mental Health, Enjoyment, Challenge, Self-expression, and/or Social Interaction

 This standard identifies the reasons and benefits for participation in physical activity beyond the requirements set by the teacher. Enjoyment, challenge, confidence, success, health, mental health, and positive social interaction are addressed in Standard 5. 


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